If you are using interview, probably you are going to transcribe them. Since there is no software to do the actual transcription, it is important to find a good tool to help in the process. My suggestion is the web app oTranscribe.
It is open, free and offers the basic commands to help a regular person to transcribe audio: shortcuts for the basic commands, such as pause, rewind a few seconds and add timestamp. The software exports the transcription to friendly formats and access your audio file locally (avoiding ethical issues).
It is quite simple and quite effective!
PS: If you use and like, check if it is available on your native language. If not, contact the author (just look for his email in the first page) and help to project by translating it. It is just a few short sentences.
I am not a big fan of traditional uses of Tangram (related to Arts or Geometry), but I find it an interesting tool to introduce fractions through visual resources. This approach seems adequate to be used after rectangular models in order to introduce the idea that the pieces not necessarily have to have the same shape. But, it has the limitation of offering only fractions with powers of 2 as denominators. This characteristics can be positive at first, but can become a limitation after some time and that is the point when this "tangram of thirds" can be useful.
The pieces in the image above are fractions (of the whole square) with multiples of 3 as denominators. I decided to share this idea because I couldn't find anything like it online and because I believe it may be useful for enthusiasts of visual resources in mathematics education. You can download files with the Tangram of thirds in the links below:
Some tasks that I think could be interesting using this resource:
Introduction: given the whole square with the pieces drawn on it and 2 of the smallest triangles, find the fraction that each piece represents of the whole.
Halves: are you able to build half using one set of pieces in three different ways?
Case study is a common expression in qualitative research and the use varies enormously amongst time and researchers, and, sometimes, its meaning is just taken for granted.
After some time also using the expression vaguely, I found the chapter So, what are case studies? in the book What's wrong with ethnography?, by Martyn Hammersley. The author has published many books about research in education, therefore, his ideas must be seen as part of a whole set of ideas and definitions.
What I like about him is not only the quality and clarity of his writings, but also his opposition to the traditional division between qualitative and quantitative research and his straight forward definition of terms that are used quite often (and losely) in educational research, such as ethnography and case study.
In this post, I will present briefly his definition of case study by presenting the following scheme he suggests in order to describe a research design:
From the scheme above, it is clear that the author uses a "much narrower definition of case study than conventional" (p. 185). The author considers case study as one of the options for selection of cases together with experiment and survey. Then, to characterize the strengths and weaknesses of a case study, the author compares it with the other two options.
Mainly, comparing case studies to surveys, the author argues that there is a trade off between number of cases (then, representativeness of the sample) and amount of detail (then, degree of likely accuracy). When comparing case studies to experiments, the authors argues that there is a trade off between degree of control (then, possibility of coming to sound conclusions about causal relationship) and degree of reactivity (then, artificiality of the results).
I imagine that his ideas may sound simplistic for some people involved in educational research, but they are very coherent specially when one takes into account all of Hammersley's ideas about research design.
Rererence: Hammersley, M. (1992). What is wrong with ethnography? Mixing Methods: Qualitative and Quantitative Research. Routledge.
Para relembrar os velhos tempos, um post com duas versões de uma mesma música. A música escolhida foi um clássico do jazz, Moanin, composta pelo pianista Bobby Timmons.
Primeiro, a versão original, gravada em 1958 no álbum homônimo de Art Blakey and the Jazz Messengers:
A segunda versão é de Charles Mingus, grava em 1960 no álbum Blues and Roots.
No começo, a conexão com a versão original não é muito clara, até porque o que parece ser o rife da segunda não bate claramente com o rife da primeira. Mas a medida que a música evolui a ligação vai ficando mais clara. Gosto muito da energia dessa segunda versão!
Também versões vocalizadas para essa música, mas prefiro de longe essas duas instrumentais.